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Models for structuring reflection


Example 2 - Gibb's reflective cycle

Gibbs' (1998) reflective cycle guides us through six stages of reflection:

1. Description: what happened What, where and when? Who did/said what, what did you do/read/see hear? In what order did things happen? What were the circumstances? What were you responsible for?
2. Feelings: what were you thinking about? What was your initial gut reaction, and what does this tell you? Did your feelings change? What were you thinking?
3. Evaluation: what was good or bad about the experience? What pleased, interested or was important to you? What made you unhappy? What difficulties were there? Who/what was unhelpful? Why? What needs improvement?
4. Analysis: what sense can you make of the situation? Compare theory and practice. What similarities or differences are there between this experience and other experiences? Think about what actually happened. What choices did you make and what effect did they have?
5. Conclusion: what else could you have done? What have you learnt for the future? What else could you have done?
6. Action Plan: what will you do next time? If a similar situation arose again, what would you do?