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Quote, Unquote

'Quote, Unquote' is a comprehensive guide to author-date or 'Harvard' referencing.

Check it to find out how to cite and reference different types of sources in your work.

'Quote, Unquote' is produced at Leeds Beckett University by the 'Skills for Learning' team. 'Quote, Unquote' is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £3.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £2.00 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download Quote, Unquote as a PDF.

Introduction

Getting good marks for your assignment, whether it is an essay, a report or a dissertation, depends on many things including the citing and referencing of all the sources you have consulted. Don't lose marks through poor or careless referencing. All you need to do is keep an accurate record of all your information sources and follow an accepted referencing system.

Although the Harvard system of referencing was originally developed in the United States, it has become the most common system in use internationally and is frequently the standard house style for academic journals. The Harvard system has the advantages of flexibility, simplicity, clarity and ease of use, both for author and reader. Sources are cited in the body of the text and then listed alphabetically in the list of references or bibliography.

'Quote, Unquote' is an authoritative guide to author-date referencing practice. It makes using the Harvard system easy as it explains how to cite sources in your work and gives detailed examples of how to reference many different types of sources.

'Quote, Unquote' is produced at Leeds Beckett University by the 'Skills for Learning' team, who provide a range of resources to support and develop students' academic writing skills, including good referencing practice. The author-date or Harvard system of referencing is generally accepted as the standard method at Leeds Beckett University.

There are variations in referencing practice across different subjects and courses. Check course documentation or any other guidance you are given. Harvard is NOT necessarily the same as a publisher's house style. When writing an article for inclusion in a professional journal, you should always consult the editor's notes on the style used in the specific publication.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Harvard referencing: the basics
  3. How to cite sources in your work
  4. List of references or bibliography
  5. A-Z of references examples
  6. Bibliography
  7. Index

The Little Book of Effective Writing

Small enough to slip into your pocket or bag, the Little Books offer students an accessible introduction to a variety of topics on academic skills.

The Little Book of Effective Writing is a useful guide to help you produce clear and effective written work, starting from the very beginning, with the basic structure of all writing - the sentence - and covering topics such as subjects and verbs in sentences, word order, emphasising the main idea, cutting out deadwood, and having ideas.

The book is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £1.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £0.50 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download The Little Book of Effective Writing as a PDF.

Introduction

University will place great demands on students' writing ability, whatever their programme of study. Writing at university can be different from writing in other settings because academic writing requires precision. Students often come to university with a rather vague sense of English sentence structure and grammar. Not having a very good grasp of the basic elements of an English sentence can lead to considerable frustration for both student writers and their lecturers, who expect to see ideas expressed clearly and precisely.

Writing is taught at university, but the focus tends to be on genres of academic writing - essays, reports, dissertations, etc. In other words, what is emphasised is the structure and discourse of various types of academic writing. The assumption is that students will already know how to write sound sentences. That is not always the case.

The Little Book of Effective Writing makes few assumptions about how students have been taught writing prior to arriving at university. It begins at the beginning with the basic structure of all writing - the sentence - and it stays fairly firmly rooted there. A piece of academic writing without the foundation of sound sentences will crumble in the face of rigorous assessment.

The Little Book of Effective Writing deals with such topics as subjects and verbs in sentences, word order, emphasising the main idea, cutting out deadwood, and having ideas. By the end of reading this Little Book, you, the student writer, should have a greater command of the sentences you write and be more confident about your writing in general.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Putting your house in order
  3. Verbs are heroes
  4. Cutting out deadwood
  5. Grammar between sentences
  6. A word or two about vocabulary
  7. Having ideas
  8. Conclusion
  9. Editing exercise

The Little Book of Essay Writing

Small enough to slip into your pocket or bag, the Little Books offer students an accessible introduction to a variety of topics on academic skills.

The Little Book of Essay Writing is a useful guide on the process of writing an essay at university, from approaches to writing, planning and note making, structure and writing style to presentation.

The book is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £1.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £0.50 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download The Little Book of Essay Writing as a PDF.

Introduction

All students at university will have to write essays. Those of you in the arts or social sciences, we think it is fair to say, will write more essays than those of you in pure science-based subjects, but even you budding scientists will have to write some essays.

Most of you will have written essays at secondary school. For those of you who are mature students, this may have been a long time ago. Academic expectations of you at university are higher than at school or college, and an essay that may have been more than acceptable in sixth form may lack the critical edge required at university.

One irony, however, is that although expectations may be high, essay writing is not often taught within university disciplines. In order to learn and develop the skill - and it is a skill that can be acquired, perfected, and mastered - you may have to go to your university's writing or tutorial centre or take a workshop from support staff trained to teach academic skills.

The Little Book of Essay Writing attempts to fill a gap in essay writing self-instruction. Yes, there are many excellent books out there on the subject, but they tend to be textbooks as opposed to user-friendly manuals.

The Little Book, as its name suggests, is a condensed, readable, and accessible guide to essay writing, which can be read from cover to cover, but also dipped into more casually, or used to scan for specific information. The book contains such essential topics as answering the question, making notes in preparation for writing, and essay structure. It also confronts some of the trickier areas of essay writing such as purpose and audience. Throughout the book, we, the authors, try to demystify essay writing and to present it as a skill made up of a set of skills that all university students can learn and become proficient at.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Approaches to writing
  3. The essay as discourse
  4. What is an essay?
  5. Where do my ideas belong?
  6. Pre-writing:
    1. Answering the question
    2. Developing your own topic
    3. Making notes
    4. How do I make notes
  7. Planning techniques:
    1. Linear plans
    2. Keyword trees
    3. Networks
    4. Mind maps
  8. Writing the essay:
    1. Essay structure
    2. Academic writing style
  9. Presentation
  10. Re-reading the essay
  11. Final words
  12. Bibliography

The Little Book of Punctuation

Small enough to slip into your pocket or bag, the Little Books offer students an accessible introduction to a variety of topics on academic skills.

The Little Book of Punctuation is a comprehensive guide to the use of punctuation in your written work at university. It explains sentence structure and how being able to recognise this structure can be of great help in punctuating correctly. It also covers various different types of punctuation including how and when to use them.

The book is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £1.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £0.50 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download The Little Book of Punctuation as a PDF.

Introduction

Punctuation is not a matter of life or death. Many people who don't know a run-on sentence from a comma splice or a colon from a semicolon live quite happy lives, and that's as it should be.

In some realms, however, and writing at university would be one such realm, punctuating poorly is akin to spelling poorly or writing ungrammatically, and one is stigmatised for it.

Punctuation in English is formalised, as are spelling and grammar. There are rules, and an educated person is expected to know these rules as a sign of his or her mastery of the language. At its worst, poor punctuation can interfere with meaning or the easy reading of one's writing. Most of the time, though, it is simply a sign of ignorance of the rules that govern the English language, rules I might add that are constantly changing. Simply put, there are rules of punctuation, and educated people are expected to know and apply them.

Many people guess at the rules of punctuation. Like any guessing, or betting, chances are you'll win some and lose some. Many university students are happy with this philosophy and manage to graduate having made, one hopes, more correct guesses than wrong ones. But what if you are someone who approaches life more methodically, who dislikes the throw of the dice, and wants to be an educated person who knows how to punctuate and to use punctuation to improve your writing. If this is you, The Little Book of Punctuation can help.

Modern style guides, grammars, and texts specifically on punctuation tend to teach punctuation via a long list of rules. Apart from being tedious, this approach often assumes a knowledge of English grammar and its terminology that may not exist. For example, the rules that an introductory subordinate clause should be followed by a comma would mean little to someone who doesn't know what a clause is, to say nothing of a subordinate one.

The Little Book of Punctuation attempts to remedy some of the ills of how punctuation is taught. It takes the approach that most English punctuation is directly tied to sentence structure and that a knowledge of how English sentences are constructed is necessary to understand punctuation. Given that, the text provides a sound grounding in sentence structure and the terminology associated with it. A second approach that underpins the text is that punctuation is more or less two thirds rule bound and one third a matter of preference. In other words, there is some choice in punctuation, which will be determined by matters of style and emphasis. However, a writer will only be able to exercise those options intelligently if he or she knows the rationale behind the rules. Lastly, the text takes a light approach from time to time. Punctuation can be a ponderous, technical subject, and a little light relief can make it less so.

The Little Book of Punctuation focuses on the main forms of internal punctuation - there are many texts that cover end punctuation such as full stops and the less common marks of punctuation. By the end of reading through The Little Book of Punctuation, you, the reader, should have an informed knowledge base that will allow you to punctuate with confidence, style, and power.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Sentence structure - phrases and clauses
  3. Sentence types and punctuation
    1. The simple sentence
    2. The simple sentence and punctuation
    3. The compound sentence
    4. The compound sentence and punctuation
    5. The complex sentence
    6. The complex sentence and punctuation
    7. The compound-complex sentence
    8. The compound-complex sentence and punctuation
  4. Parentheticals
  5. Restrictive and non-restrictive expressions
  6. The colon
  7. The apostrophe
  8. The Oxford comma
  9. Quotation marks
  10. Ellipses and square brackets
  11. Test yourself
  12. Answers
  13. Conclusion
  14. Some useful resources

The Little Book of Research

Small enough to slip into your pocket or bag, the Little Books offer students an accessible introduction to a variety of topics on academic skills.

The Little Book of Research is a guide to planning, performing and analysing your research at university. This book should help you to choose appropriate methods for collecting your research data whether your approach is quantitative or qualitative.

The book is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £1.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £0.50 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download The Little Book of Research as a PDF.

Introduction

"In much of society, research means to investigate something you do not know or understand."

Neil Armstrong (astronaut and university professor)

When we research, we collect, analyse and evaluate data on a particular topic, issue or problem. Research helps us to make sense of the world. It informs our actions and decision making.

Beginning your own research project can be daunting:

  • You might be obliged to do investigative work as part of your dissertation.
  • You might have a research topic in mind.
  • You might be unclear on how research is carried out.
  • You might not know what it is you want to find out.

This 'Little Book of Research' should help you get started.

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Planning your research
  3. Putting your research in context
  4. Research ethics
  5. Approaches and methods
  6. Writing up your research
  7. Further reading and bibliography

The Little Book of Time Management

Small enough to slip into your pocket or bag, the Little Books offer students an accessible introduction to a variety of topics on academic skills.

The Little Book of Time Management is a handy guide on the subject of time management at university. It explains why managing your time is important, helps you to think about how well your time is currently managed, provides guidance for developing a time management strategy and offers suggestions for allocating time for your studies.

The book is available for purchase in the Libraries and University shops priced £1.00 to all Leeds Beckett staff and students. Academic staff can also buy in bulk for £0.50 per copy for an order of 50 or more. Further details, including prices for external customers, can be found in the Purchasing information.

Leeds Beckett students and staff may also download The Little Book of Time Management as a PDF.

Introduction

Time management means making the most effective use of your time by controlling events in order to accomplish the things that you need and want to do. The challenges in being able to do this are:

  • knowing what you want
  • establishing priorities
  • being self disciplined.

Time and energy are the most valuable resources we have.

Time management is easy to talk about but not so easy to do! Everything from the unexpected invitation for a cup of coffee to the shuffling of responsibilities between home and university can make you fear you simply cannot get everything done. This can cause stress and affect your study and home life.

As a student you continually make choices to balance competing demands on your study time in order to achieve your goals. You will have scheduled classes every week, but you will also have to manage the rest of your time to complete your coursework.

'Don't leave for tomorrow what you can do today.'

Table of contents

  1. Introduction to time management
  2. How well do you manage your time?
  3. How to develop a time management strategy
  4. How to manage your study time

Purchasing information

Leeds Beckett students

You can purchase Skills for Learning publications in the Libraries and University shops.

Item Price
Quote, Unquote £3.00
Little Books £1.00

Leeds Beckett staff

Staff can order publications via internal recharge.

  1. Obtain an Internal Recharge Form (IR1) from your Faculty office or finance staff.
  2. Complete the form:
    • Write in your own details and account codes.
    • In the 'Goods/Service required' section please list the publications you want - together with quantities and the correct price (see prices below).
    • Please remember to sign and date the form.
  3. Send the form in the internal post to: Skills for Learning, LS403a, City Campus

We will supply your materials as soon as possible. We will contact you by internal email or phone if there are any queries.

External customers

Please go to the Leeds Beckett online store to make an order.

Price list

Item Price (per item)
Between 1 and 49 copies 50 copies or more
Students/staff External Students/staff External
Quote, Unquote £3.00 £5.00 £2.00 No discounts apply
Little Book of…
  • Essay Writing
  • Effective Writing
  • IT
  • Punctuation
  • Research
  • Time Management
Please specify exact title(s)
£1.00 £2.00 £0.50 No discounts apply

Licences to print your own copies of our publications

To enquire about site licences to customise publications for your own institution, please email skillsforlearning@leedsbeckett.ac.uk. Please say which publication you are interested in.